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Emeritus Professor Dr. Stephen Golant recently spoke with‘s Susan Williams about his research.

Where are you going to live as you age?

Chances are this thought has crossed your mind at some point. Will you be able to stay in your own home? Will you need to move? Will you need help? So many questions and it’s not necessarily a single answer.

To better understand our options and what the future may hold as it relates to aging and housing, I recently had the opportunity to speak with Dr. Stephen Golant.

Dr. Golant is a Professor at the University of Florida and is well recognized and sought out for his research on the housing, mobility, transportation, and long-term care needs of older people. Along with being a Professor, Dr. Golant also is an author of the book “Aging In The Right Place”.

Here is a summary of some of his predictions to help you age in the right place that Dr. Golant shared with me. While he makes multiple suggestions, he emphasized that aging well is always a very personal decision.  Everyone is different.

The Move From Home Ownership To Renting

Dr. Golant believes that as the population starts to shift into their mid-70’s and older, there will be a move from home ownership to renting. He believes this won’t be a major tsunami, but more of a gradual shift over time.

I asked Dr. Golant if this was a result of the need for people to pull equity from their homes given there are so many people that haven’t necessarily saved enough for their retirement. He agreed that this may be the case; however there is a much larger motivator in play.

The decline in informal caregiver support – also known as family.

We all know that managing and maintaining a home takes energy, effort and money. Everything from outside maintenance, to inside repairs to even changing lightbulbsall require attention. As well, as people age, stairs can become a challenge, access to laundry facilities and even getting in a bathtub can pose a challenge.

So as much as someone may want to live independently, the need for additional support which is usually provided from family members—mainly wives and daughters—will grow. However, family members may be less available to provide this assistance. Smaller families and high divorce rates will result in family caregivers being a declining resource. Moreover, a family caregiver’s demands to manage their own careers, children and their own home responsibilities will further reduce the number of loved ones who care.

As a result, a move may be necessary. Renting makes more sense as it does not tie up equity and allows someone to not make a major long-term commitment should the location or building not suit them.

When I asked wouldn’t there be a shortage of rental units to support this change, Dr. Golant believes that even though younger generations may be slower in purchasing homes right now, they will eventually as they begin to start their own families. He projects that this transition will probably happen around the time the largest cohort of baby boomers will be looking to rent. As a result, this demographic shift will allow for increased availability for rentals.

Think Home Care Is Stressed Now – Just Wait

A while back I wrote a post about a potential workforce crisis in elder care. In this post, we shared some scary statistics of the current caregiver environment and the fact that we are struggling to meet the current population’s needs never mind our future requirements.

Dr. Golant confirmed the severity of this situation and also added that this is poised to become worse as many of these home care positions are often filled by immigrants. He went on to share that if immigration policies are implemented that limit a country’s ability to admit lower paid workers this will further deteriorate an already stretched and stressed situation.

This area greatly concerns Dr. Golant as he does not believe that as a society we are spending enough time truly understanding the needs, the challenges and designing solutions to help older people navigate their future aging living options.

Aging In Place – A Viable Option

It is well known that the majority of the population would prefer to age in place – a term that means to remain and age in their own home. And the numbers aren’t small. A Harvard study on housing projects that

By 2035, an astounding 1 out of 3 American households will be headed by someone aged 65 or older”.

That’s a whole lot of people aging in their own homes.

Many of these people will be residing in the suburbs as well. But here is where Dr. Golant actually feels optimistic. He believes that the services and support for those that are able to remain somewhat independent in their own homes will be available to support this lifestyle.

Tele-health, physician house calls, home delivery of goods (think Amazon) and services (think home care) along with food delivery will all become the norm. He predicts that sensor technologies will be readily available to ensure that older people won’t have unnoticed accidents.

When I asked him about mobility concerns and how will people get to where they need to go Dr. Golant shared there are solutions in development. For those in major cities, good transit systems are sometimes available to serve an older population. As for those in the suburbs, only 1 – 2% actually use public transit. He believes that autonomous cars will be in play within the next 10 years or so and that older persons will be the major beneficiaries of ride sharing services such as Uber and Lyft.

Dr. Golant agrees that there is work to be done in order to support older people staying in their familiar homes – renovations to dwellings to make them safe to age in, figuring out how to get the necessary home care workers but the option to actually safely age in place is a very positive reality and the ability to bring goods and services into the home will make it happen—even robotic pets serving as companions.

Homesharing – Is This Realistic?

Chances are you have seen a number of different articles promoting the benefits of homesharing. Whether it’s friends living with friends, older people living with younger people, or generations of families living together, this seems to be an upcoming trend.

When I asked Dr. Golant his thoughts on this I received a surprising answer – “living with persons not related to you is unlikely a long term solution to care for seniors”. Many older people feel they lose their privacy and are unable to control how their homes look and feel; moreover these are often unstable living arrangements because their new housemates often move out after a short period.

He agreed that there is more of this type of living arrangements being shared by the media; however it is practiced by  a very small portion of the population. For the last decade it has stayed at around 1 – 1.5%. As he said “It’s just because we now have more older people, we are now seeing more examples.” Also, more companies are providing help to older persons to find appropriate housemates.

As for sharing an apartment or house with relatives, this is also declining. In 2015, only 10 percent of older males and 19 percent of older females lived with other relatives or unrelated persons compared to back in 1970 when it was 16 percent and 31 percent. Women tend to select this option more than men as they are often widowed earlier and also are living longer. However, Dr. Golant mentioned that for older persons wanting to remain independent, homesharing may still be preferable to transitioning to a senior care facility.

But what Dr. Golant also shared where he is seeing an increase is in common-law arrangements. For the adults 65+ this living arrangement has actually more than doubled from 1997 to 2016. Often interested in committing to companionship rather than marriage is a prime motivator in driving this growth. Golant felt that this living arrangement may be an excellent way to age in place.

Retirement Homes / Assisted Living – A Good Option?

When I asked Dr. Golant for his thoughts on retirement homes and assisted living facilities I just loved his answer.

When you have seen one assisted living facility you have seen one assisted living facility.

He went further on to explain that each facility can be very different in the type of services and quality that they provide. He told me that they have definitely become better run over the years and offer many more amenities. As well, they often recognize that people do need access to a primary care physician or physician’s assistant so this support is often now available onsite.

His view was that this is a solid option however the appropriate research and checks should be completed to ensure that someone will receive the appropriate care that they personally need, the ability to maintain their independence and also be well treated and respected.

He also stressed that before moving, “it is important to talk to existing residents to get a feel for their opinions of the place.” Having an adult child living nearby who acts as an advocate is also a plus.

Technology – How Will This Help?

Dr. Golant shared that there is a tremendous number of companies devising sensor-based devices. Ways to measure stability and falls and generate calls for assistance, sensors to detect movement and identify any oddities in behaviour and health sensors and monitoring are just some of the technology starting to emerge.

He believes that the costs of this technology will be driven down over time similar to the price curve of other previous technologies. As well, insurance companies and healthcare organizations will also be forcing the pricing down as they begin to insist that some of these technologies be used in order better manage and control their own costs.

We need to be aware however that along with some of the benefits of a problem being detected earlier and receiving a quicker response, there is also the negative aspects associated with infringements of our privacy. But this is no different to other technologies being introduced into our lives.

So the landscape of living options as we age continues to grow and evolve. The best thing we can possibly do right now is to start thinking of potential situations that may impact our living requirements as we age. This way we can plan what we would like to do before it happens rather than be forced to make rushed decisions once it does.

Read the full interview at

GOLANTWomen Caring for Our Aging in Place Seniors Will Lose Out because of U.S. Immigration Policies

Stephen M. Golant

Article first published online: 15 Apr 2019 Journal of Aging & Social Policy

DOI: 10.1080/08959420.2019.1603535

ABSTRACT: Most older people experiencing chronic health problems, physical disabilities, and memory losses are still able to age in place in their own homes. However, they often need help from others to enjoy healthy, active, and independent lives. They turn mostly to family members, mainly women and usually their daughters, daughters-in-law or wives. But caring for frail elders has become more demanding and complex, and these family members often feel physically and emotionally overwhelmed and burnt out. They concede that they cannot do it alone. Others find it more difficult to hold full-or even part-time jobs. Hiring home (direct) care workers to assist their loved ones can be an effective solution to ease their caregiving responsibilities. However, these personal care aides, home health aides, and nursing assistants are already in short supply. Moreover, going forward the aging of the baby boomer population will result in an even greater demand for their services even as these jobs are often unattractive to American-born workers and turnover is high. This country’s immigration policies will make it even more difficult for women caring for older persons to hire these workers. Over 25 percent of home care workers are low-skilled immigrants or foreign-born. However, the Trump administration’s policies reduce the number of immigrants entering the U.S. and specifically choke off the various pathways that enable low-skilled persons to be hirable in the home care sector. Female caregivers seeking relief from their caregiving responsibilities will lose out unless we remove these immigration barriers.

Read the full publication at Journal of Aging & Social Policy






Who demands housing and what are supply constraints
Affordable and decent housing: A right?
Millennials vs. old: Housing for all ages
Income inequalities translates into unmet housing needs
Homeownership: Still the American dream?
Housing problems of U.S. households
Good and bad of gentrification


    What constitutes residential normalcy for older adults?
    Aging successfully: does place matter?
    What are housing-care needs/problems of young-old vs. old-old?
    Aging in place or moving elsewhere: what are major determinants?
    What are the most critical housing and care-related needs?
    Why do neighborhood and community environments matter?
    What are strengths and weaknesses of options such as:
    Homeownership, cohousing, active adult communities?
    Independent living communities, assisted living, and CCRCS?
    Do physical design changes matter? What role home technologies?
    How successful are current caregiving solutions?
    What public policies are influencing affordable housing-care solutions?

GOLANT – The Origins, Programs, and Benefits of Age-Friendly Communities

Stephen M. Golant

Article first published online: 25 MAY 2015 The Gerontologist

DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnw071


The emergence of the age-friendly community movement is a programmatic affirmation of what environmental gerontologists have long argued, namely, that the residential environments occupied by older individuals can influence their ability to age successfully and that solutions are available to optimize individual-environment congruence (Golant, 2015a; Scheidt & Windley, 2006). This global initiative has been most prominently advanced by the AdvantAge Initiative sponsored by the Visiting Nurse Service of New York (2004), AARP’s Livable Communities initiative (2000), and by the World Health Organization’s (WHO’s), Global Network of Age-Friendly Cities and Communities (2007) (Feldman, Oberlink, Simantov, & Gursen, 2004; Kihl, 2005; World Health Organization, 2007).

A major goal of this movement is for communities across the world to assess whether they offer “policies, services, settings and structures [that] support and enable people to age actively” (World Health Organization, 2007, p. 10). Now, assessments of how communities should address the unmet needs of their older residents are far from new. As early as 1972, Chicago Mayor’s Office for Senior Citizens sponsored such an investigation of its over-60 population (Bild & Havighurst, 1976). So, what is different? First, we have a more positive and evidenced-based interpretation of what it means to age well. Older people must strive to be physically and mentally healthy and actively engaged in life. Second, we have a better understanding of how environments influence both the objective and the subjective well-being of older people (Golant 2015a, Golant 2015b). Communities should have physical infrastructures, social engagement opportunities, employment and volunteer activities, and services that optimize the happiness, health, independence, participation, and security of their older occupants. Third, once establishing unmet needs, communities can and should implement a broad array of responsive organizational and policy strategies.

The topics covered in the first half of this book focus on the first two of these distinctions (Parts I and II). Readers greatly benefit from a primer on how both individual and age-friendly environment factors influence how well people age, emphasizing the relevance of both life span developmental concepts and environmental gerontology. Indeed, the title of this book understates the scope of its contents because of its focus on these foundational areas of inquiry. Only in the book’s second half (Parts III and IV) are age-friendly programmatic and policy approaches, solutions, and best practices mostly covered.

In Chapter 1, the authors offer an overview of the social and demographic status of the aging population in the United States and the need for aging-friendly communities. Chapter 2 reviews what we currently know about why older people age well, and the authors offer their own integrated model of the six developmental tasks achieved by successfully aging individuals. Chapter 3 shifts the focus to older people’s everyday physical and social environments. It summarizes the most prominent environmental gerontology theoretical formulations that increase our understanding of whether older people are occupying congruent places to live. Chapter 4 presents a short overview of the meanings of age friendliness and the major organizations responsible for defining and creating this global movement. Chapter 5 focuses on the physical infrastructure challenges (related to dwellings, neighborhoods, communities, and transportation) confronted by older people. Chapter 6 focuses on why the social relationships and participation of older people matter, and on how community environments and programs influence their social engagement. Chapter 7 examines various community-based programs designed to prevent, delay, or abate health problems and disabilities. These are all well-written chapters although tighter editing would have prevented the repetition of some of this material later in the book—but this is a minor concern.

The second half of the book (Chapters 8–13) includes chapters that focus on the organizational and programmatic features of age-friendly community initiatives and their strengths and limitations. The authors offer a useful typology of community planning models (Chapter 9), cross-sector collaborations (Chapter 10), and community development initiatives (Chapter 11). Readers would have benefited, however, from a tabular presentation of case studies that showed how communities in the United States and elsewhere have specifically implemented these age-friendly strategies. The final two chapters focus on the challenges of making communities more aging friendly and needed future directions.

Even with its expansive coverage, there is clearly another book that deserves to be written by these two highly qualified authors. It would address the following questions (Golant, 2014; Gonyea & Hudson, 2015).

First, should age-friendly communities primarily benefit the old or all age groups? Targeting all ages is obviously commendable, but is it feasible given limited funding? Moreover, why should we be apologetic if our solutions only benefit older constituents? Second, the geographic coverage of age-friendly initiatives is very uneven and one must ask why? Do the old with age-friendly programs have more unmet needs that deserved an organized response, or rather, and cynically, do they simply occupy places with more responsive and effective leadership in the nonprofit, private, or public sectors? Third, are age-concentrated enclaves of old (e.g., as found in elder villages) especially good targets for these solutions? The authors review literature showing that occupants of these age-restricted places have fewer depressive symptoms (p. 97), socially participate more (p. 97), and realize service delivery advantages (pp. 174–175). However, they also seem sympathetic to the view that age-friendly communities should promote “integration over segregation” (p. 216). Fourth, how broad should be the focus of age-friendly community initiatives? This movement cries out for the prioritization of its goals and targeted populations. Who should most benefit: the poor versus the middle-class; minorities versus majorities; the physically able versus the most vulnerable; and elder occupants of core cities versus those in low-density cul-de-sac suburbs and rural counties? Fifth, do age-friendly community initiatives really work? As the authors well recognize, evidenced-based research demonstrating that programs perform as expected and produce desired outcomes is in short supply. In addition, it is no longer sufficient to show improvements in the quality of life of our old; rather, we must also prove that our solutions are cost-effective.

Overall book assessment: An excellent read for academics, students, practitioners, and policymakers explaining the age-friendly community movement and why they should look to environmental solutions to improve the quality of life of older people.

Read the full publication at The Gerontologist


GOLANT – Residential Normalcy and the Enriched Coping Repertoires of Successfully Aging Older Adults

Stephen M. Golant

Article first published online: 18 MAY 2014 The Gerontologist

DOI: 10.1093/geront/gnu036

ABSTRACT: An earlier theoretical model equated the construct of residential normalcy with older persons positively appraising their residential environments. Failing to achieve congruent places to live, they initiate assimilative (action) or accommodative (mind) coping strategies. This paper theorizes that the assimilative coping strategies of older persons depend on their secondary appraisal processes whereby they judge the availability, efficaciousness, and viability of their coping options. Older persons with more enriched coping repertoires are theorized as more resilient, making their own decisions, and with access to more resource-rich objectively defined resilient environments. Successful aging formulations infrequently examine how residential environmental adaptations of people influence the quality of their lives. Programmatically, the theory emphasizes the potential of individual and environmental interventions targeting older persons who are not aging successfully.

Read the full publication at The Gerontologist


Dr. Stephen Golant

Dr. Stephen Golant


(352) 294-7505

LinkedIn Profile

Focus Areas

Areas of Specialization

  • Gerontology
  • Quality of life of older people
  • Housing, neighborhood, and community needs of the U.S. older population
  • Strengths and weaknesses of alternative shelter and care settings
  • Transportation problems and behaviors of older persons

Educational Background

  • PhD, University of Washington, 1972
  • M.A., University of Toronto, 1969
  • B.A., University of Toronto, 1968

Recent Courses

GEO 2410 Social Geography of the City (Fall, 2016)

GEO 3611 Housing, People, and Places in a Spatially Diverse Society (Fall, 2016)

GEO 4612 & GEY 6341 Shelter and Care Options for U.S. Elderly (Spring, 2017)

In My Own Words

STEPHEN M. GOLANT, Ph.D., a gerontologist and geographer, is now a Professor in the Department of Geography at the University of Florida (1980 – present). Previously, he was a faculty member in the Committee on Human Development (Department of Behavioral Sciences) and in the Department of Geography at the University of Chicago (1972 – 1980). He received his Ph.D. in social geography and social gerontology from the University of Washington and his B.A. and M.A. degrees in geography from the University of Toronto.

Dr. Golant has been conducting research on the housing, mobility, transportation, and long-term care needs of older adult populations for most of his academic career. He is a Fellow of the Gerontological Society of America and a Fulbright Senior Scholar award recipient. In 2012 he received the Richard M. Kalish award from the Gerontological Society of America in recognition of his insightful and innovative publications on aging and life development in the behavioral and social sciences. This was for his article: “The Quest for Residential Normalcy by Older Adults: Relocation but one Pathway ” published in Journal of Aging Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2011, pp. 193-205. The print and internet media have often featured his research and ideas and he has appeared on numerous television and radio programs, including ABC’s national news program

He has written or edited about 140 papers and books, including: The Residential Location and Spatial Behavior of the Elderly (Department of Geography, University of Chicago Monograph Series, 1972); Location and Environment of Elderly Population (Wiley, 1979); A Place to Grow: The Meaning of Environment in Old Age (Columbia University Press, 1984); Housing America’s Elderly: Many Possibilities, Few Choices (Sage Publications, 1992); The Columbia Retirement Handbook (Columbia University Press, 1994); Encyclopedia of Financial Gerontology (Greenwood Press, 1996); The CASERA Report (Creating Affordable and Supportive Elder Renter Alternatives (Margaret Lynn Duggar & Associates, Inc., 1999); and The Assisted Living Residence: A Vision for the Future (The John Hopkins University Press, 2008). His latest book is Aging in the Right Place (Health Professions Press, 2015).

Dr. Golant serves on the editorial boards of the Journal of Aging Studies, Research on Aging, Journal of Housing for the Elderly, Seniors Housing & Care Journal, and The Gerontologist. He was formerly Secretary-Treasurer of the Behavioral and Social Sciences Section of the Gerontological Society of America, and Editor-in-Chief of the magazine, Responses to an Aging Florida, published by the Florida Council on Aging.

He is frequently called on by corporations, universities, state government agencies, and national organizations as a lecturer or an adviser and he earlier served as a consultant to the Congressionally appointed Commission on Affordable Housing and Health Facility Needs for Seniors in the 21st Century (Seniors Commission). The Seniors Commission was a bipartisan 14- member panel created by an act of Congress to study the housing and health care needs for the next generation of elderly Americans and to offer specific policy and legislative recommendations to the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate.

Websites of Interest

Media coverage of my book, Aging in the Right Place (Health Professions Press, 2015)

For publisher’s web site, and the initial reviews of the book, see:

For Washington Post story:

For Forbes story:

Three other stories of interest:

Recent Publications

Research Papers

Golant, S. M. “Housing,” In Pittock, Edwin J. (Ed.), Working with Seniors: Health, Financial, and Social Issues. Denver: Society of Certified Senior Advisors, 2005, 201-236.

Golant, S. M. “Subjective Health and the Dangers of Absent Individual Effects and Crude Contextual Proxies of Causal Mechanisms,” Journal of Gerontology: Social Sciences, Vol. 60b, No. 4, 2005, pp. S191-S192.

Golant, S. M. “Specialized Housing/House with Supportive Services,” Encyclopedia of Aging, Fourth Edition, New York: Springer Publication Co., 2006.

Golant, S. M. “Supportive Housing for Frail, Low-Income Older Adults: Identifying Need and
Allocating Resources, Generations, Vol. 24, No. 4, pp. 37-43, 2006.

Golant, S. M. “Housing and Long-Term Care Needs of Florida’s Older Women: Acknowledging the Gender Gap.” Life Issues of Florida Women Mid-Life and Beyond. Florida Commission on the Status of Women, Tallahassee, FL, 2007.

Golant, S. M. “Low Income Elderly Homeowners in Very Old Dwellings: The Need for Public
Policy Debate,” Journal of Aging and Social Policy, Vol. 20, No. 1, 2008, pp. 1-28.

Golant, S. M. “Affordable Clustered Housing-Care: A Category of Long-Term Care Options for the
Elderly Poor,” Journal of Housing for the Elderly, Vol. 22, No. 1/2, 2008, pp. 3-44.

Golant, S. M. “The Future of Assisted Living Residences: A Response to Uncertainty,” In Stephen
M. Golant and Joan Hyde (Eds.), The Assisted Living Residence: A Vision for the Future. Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins University Press, 2008, pp. 3-45.

Golant, S. M. “Irrational Exuberance for the Aging in Place of Vulnerable Low-Income Older
Homeowners: A Commentary.” Journal of Aging and Social Policy, Vol. 20, No. 4, 2008, pp. 379-

Golant, S. M. “The Gender Inequalities of Eldercare.” Aging Today, Vol. 30, No. 2, March-April,
2009, p. 3.

Golant, S. M. “Aging in Place Solutions for Older Americans: Groupthink Responses Not Always in Their Best Interests.” Public Policy & Aging Report, Vol. 19, No 1, 2009.

Golant, S. M. “Aging in the American Suburbs, Aging Well, July/August, Web Exclusive, 2009.

Golant, S. M. with Pamela Parsons and Peter A. Boling). “Assessing the Quality of Care Found in
Affordable Clustered Housing-Care Arrangements: Key to Informing Public Policy.” Cityscape,
Vol. 12, No. 2, 2010, pp. 5-28.

Golant, S. M. “The changing residential environments of older people,” in Handbook of Aging and the Social Sciences (7th edition). Edited by Robert H. Binstock and Linda George. New York: Academic Press, 2011, pp. 207-220.

Golant, S. M. “The quest for residential normalcy by older adults: Relocation but one pathway.” Journal of Aging Studies, Vol. 25, No. 3, 2011, pp. 193-205.

Golant, S. M. “Out of their Residential Comfort and Mastery Zones: Toward a More Relevant
Environmental Gerontology,” Journal of Housing for the Elderly, Vol. 26, No. 1/2. 2012, pp. 26-43.

Golant, S. M. “Continuing care retirement communities,” in The Encyclopedia of Housing. Edited by Andrew T. Carswell. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publishing, 2012, pp. 87-101.

Golant, S. M. “Out of their Residential Comfort and Mastery Zones: Toward a More Relevant Environmental Gerontology.” In Rick Scheidt and Benyamin Schwarz (eds.), REPRINTED IN Environmental Gerontology: What Now? Philadelphia: Routledge/Taylor & Francis. 2012, pp. 26-43.

Golant, S. M. Age-Friendly Communities: Are We Expecting Too Much? IRPP Insight 5 (February
2014), pp. 1-19. Montreal: Institute for Research on Public Policy.

Golant, S. M. “Residential normalcy and the enriched coping repertoires of successfully aging older adults,” The Gerontologist, 55(1), 2015, 70-82.

Golant, S. M. (with Joan Hyde). “Assisted living,” Chapter 10 in Long-Term Care in an Aging Society. Edited by Graham D. Rowles and Pamela Teaster. New York, Springer Publishing, in press, 2015.

Golant, S. M. “Residential normalcy and the aging in place behaviors of older Americans, Progress in Geography (Chinese Academy of Sciences journal). To be published in both Chinese and English. Forthcoming, 2015.


The Residential Location and Spatial Behavior of the Elderly. The University of Chicago, Department of Geography Monograph Series. Chicago: 1972. 226 pages.

Location and Environment of Elderly Population. Washington, D.C.: V. H. Winston and Sons (distributed by John Wiley and Sons), 1979. 214 pages.

A Place to Grow Old: The Meaning of Environment in Old Age. New York: Columbia University Press, 1984. 425 pages, hardcover and paperback.

Housing America’s Elderly: Many Possibilities, Few Choices. Sage Publications, 1992. 354 pages, hardcover and paperback.

Creating Affordable and Supportive Elder Rental Accommodations (The CASERA Project). Tallahassee, FL: Stephen M. Golant and Margaret Lynn Duggar & Associates, Inc., 1999. 44 pages.

Assisted Living: A Potential Solution to Canada’s Long-Term Care Crisis. Vancouver, BC: Simon Fraser University, Gerontology Research Centre, 2001, 85 pages.

(with Joan Hyde). The Assisted Living Residence: A Vision for the Future. Baltimore, MD: The
John Hopkins University Press, 2008, 464 pages. Foreword plus fifteen chapters.

Aging in the Right Place. Baltimore, London, Sydney: Health Professions Press. February 2015 (415 pages)